Keyword

Leadership Competence Development Higher education Programs

Abstract

       Many scholars in academia agree with the proposition that education can act as a platform for competence development. With the passing of time, societies evolve and existing skills may no longer serve the needs of the newly transformed society. This study examines the extent to which higher education assists in the development of leadership competencies and the effects of higher education on leadership competencies from the student's perspective. The paper considers whether and to what degree, modern university business curricula assist in developing leadership competencies.

      A critical literature review and an empirical study are applied Data collected through the application of the 3M's Leadership Competency Model developed by Alldredge and Milan (2000).The study critically analyses literature research findings which have shown that a major challenge facing higher institutions of learning in the world is failure in shifting teaching and assessment methods from lecture-based to competence-development.

      The study shows that there is a strong correlation between higher education and competence development, value is added when universities ensure that their teaching methods and assessments greatly improve the competencies of students, which are seen to be important in achieving organizational goals. Undoubtedly. It suggests that progressive innovation in teaching methodologies is essential parts of leadership competence development which is in line with the novelty that rise in education correspond with rise in productivity.


Full Text : PDF

References
  1. Allen, J., Inenaga, Y., van der Velden, R., & Yoshimoto, K. (Eds.). (2007). Competencies, higher education and career in Japan and the Netherlands (Higher Education Dynamics). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer.
  2. Altonji, J. G., Bharadwaj, P., & Lange, F. (2008). Changes in the characteristics of American youth: Implications for adult outcomes. NBER Working paper series #13883, National bureau of economic research, Cambridge, MA.
  3. Arnold, J., Loan-Clarke, J., Harrington, A., & Hart, C. (1999). Student’s perceptions of competence development in undergraduate business-related degrees. Studies in Higher Education, 24(1), 43–59.
  4. Avolio, B.J. & Gardner, W.L., 2005. Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. The leadership quarterly, 16(3), 315-338.
  5. Alldredge, M. E., and Nilan, K. J. (2000). 3M's leadership competency model: An internally developed solution. Human resource management, 39(2, 3), 133-145.
  6. Astin, A. W., & Astin, H. S. (2000). Leadership Reconsidered: Engaging Higher Education in Social
  7. Change. Battle Creek, MI: W.K. Kellogg Foundation.
  8. Berke, D., Kossler, M. E., and Wakefield, M. (2008). Developing leadership talent. John Wiley & Sons. CA: Pfeiffer, Wiley imprint.
  9. Biemans, H., Nieuwenhuis, L., Poell, R., Mulder, M., & Wesselink, R. (2004). Competence-based VET in the Netherlands: Background and pitfalls. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 56(4), 523–538.
  10. Bolden, R., Petrov, G. & Gosling, J., 2008. Developing collective leadership in higher education.
  11. Leadership Foundation for Higher Education.
  12. Bowles, S., Gintis, H., & Osborne, M. (2001). Incentive-enhancing preferences: Personality behaviour, and earnings. American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings, 91, 155–158.
  13. Brundrett, M., 2001. The Development of School Leadership Preparation Programmes in England and the USA A Comparative Analysis. Educational Management & Administration, 29(2), 229-245.
  14. Bryman, A. & Lilley, S., 2009. Leadership researchers on leadership in higher education. Leadership, 5(3), 331-346.
  15. Bush, T., 2006. The National College for School Leadership: A Successful English Innovation? Phi Delta Kappan, 87(7), 508-511.
  16. Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2002). Sosyal Bilimler İçin Veri Analizi Elkitabı. PegemA Yayıncılık, Ankara. Chin, C. O., Gu, J. and Tubbs, S. L. (2001). Developing global leadership competencies. Journal of leadership studies, 7(4), 20-31.
  17. Collinson, D. & Collinson, M., 2011. ‘Blended Leadership’: Employee Perspectives on Effective Leadership in the UK Further Education Sector. Educational Leadership: Context, Strategy and Collaboration, 189.
  18. Curtis, F. K. S., and de Vries, J. (2011). Developing leadership in nursing: the impact of education and training Elizabeth A. British Journal of Nursing, 20(4), 239-249.
  19. 47    A Journal of the Academy of Business and Retail Management (ABRM) www.ijhem.abrmr.com
  20. International Journal of Higher Education Management (IJHEM), Vol. 4 Number 1    August 2017
  21. Drago-Severson, E. & Blum-DeStefano, J., 2014. Leadership for transformational learning: a developmental approach to supporting leaders’ thinking and practice. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 9(2), 113-141.
  22. Dugan, J.P. and Komives, S.R., 2007. Developing leadership capacity in college students. College Park, MD: National Clearinghouse for Leadership Programs.
  23. Jokinen, T. (2005). Global leadership competencies: a review and discussion. Journal of European Industrial Training, 29(3), 199-216.
  24. Garcia-Aracil, A., Mora, J. G., & Vila, L. E. (2004). The rewards of human capital competencies for young European higher education graduates. Tertiary Education and Management, 10(4), 287–305.
  25. Geoghegan, L. and Dulewicz, V. (2008). Do project managers' leadership competencies contribute to project success? Project Management Journal, 39(4), 58-67.
  26. Heckman, J. J. (2000). Policies to foster human capital. Research in Economics, 54, 3–56.
  27. Heckman, J. J. (2006). Skill formation and the economics of investing in disadvantaged children, Science. Research in Economics, 312 30 June 2006.
  28. Heckman, J. J., & Rubinstein, Y. (2001). The importance of noncognitive skills: Lessons from the GED test program. American Economic Review, 91(2), 145–149.
  29. Heckman, J., Stixrud, J., & Urzua, S. (2006). The effects of cognitive and noncognitive abilities on labour market outcomes and social behaviour. Journal of Labour Economics, 24(3), 411–482.
  30. Hornsby, E.E., Morrow-Jones, H.A. & Ballam, D.A., 2012. Leadership development for faculty women at The Ohio State University: The president and provost’s leadership institute. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 14(1),96-112.
  31. Iles, P. & Preece, D., 2006. Developing leaders or developing leadership? The Academy of Chief Executives’ programmes in the North East of England. Leadership, 2(3), 317-340.
  32. Lleras, C. (2008). Do skills and behaviours in high school matter? The contribution of noncognitive factors in explaining differences in educational attainment and earnings. Social Science Research, 37, 888–902.
  33. Lunsford, L.G. & Brown, B.A., 2016. Preparing Leaders While Neglecting Leadership An Analysis of US Collegiate Leadership Centers. Journal of Leadership& Organizational Studies. Sage Publications, doi:10.1177/1548051816662613
  34. Middlehurst, R., Goreham, H. & Woodfield, S., 2009. Why research leadership in higher education? Exploring contributions from the UK's leadership foundation for higher education. Leadership, 5(3), 311-329.
  35. MEB    (2015), http://yyegm.meb.gov.tr/www/mill-egitim-bakanligi-tarafindan-2015-ylsy-kapsaminda-511-farkli-alanda-67-ulkeye-1500-burslu-ogrenci-gonderilecektir/icerik/92 [Accessed 1 Jan. 2017].
  36. Robbins, S., 2013. Educational leadership programmes in the UK: Who cares about the school leader? Management in Education, 27(2), 50-55.
  37. Robins, L., Ambrozy, D. & Pinsky, L.E., 2006. Promoting academic excellence through leadership development at the University of Washington: The Teaching Scholars Program. Academic medicine, 81(11), 979-983.
  38. 48    A Journal of the Academy of Business and Retail Management (ABRM) www.ijhem.abrmr.com
  39. International Journal of Higher Education Management (IJHEM), Vol. 4 Number 1    August 2017
  40. Ruben, B.D., 2005. The centre for organizational development and leadership at Rutgers University: A case study. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 7(3), 368-395.
  41. Sherman, R. O., Bishop, M., Eggenberger, T. and Karden, R. (2007). Development of a leadership competency model. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37(2), 85-94.
  42. Sipahi, B., Yurtkoru, E. S., and Çinko, M. (2010). Sosyal bilimlerde SPSS'le veri analizi. Beta.
  43. Tabachnick, B. G., Fidell, L. S. and Osterlind, S. J. (2001). Using multivariate statistics.NY Pearsons.
  44. Tubbs, S. L. and Schulz, E. (2006). Exploring taxonomy of global leadership competencies and meta-competencies. Journal of American Academy of Business, 8(2), 29-34.
  45. Teichler, U. (2007a). Does higher education matter? Lessons from a comparative graduate survey. European Journal of Education, 42(1), 11–34.
  46. Teichler, U. (Ed.) (2007b). Careers of university graduates. Views and experiences in comparative perspectives, higher education dynamics, 17(1), NY: Springer.
  47. Turnbull, S. & Edwards, G., 2005. Leadership development for organizational change in a new UK university. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 7(3).396-413.
  48. Velasco, S.M (2014). Do higher education institutions make a difference in competence development? A model of competence production at university. Peer Reviewed Journal of Higher Education, 68(4), 503-523.
  49. Wadekar, V. (2007). DEVELOPING LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES. Services Management, 171-182.
  50. Wiek, A., Withycombe, L. and Redman, C.L., 2011. Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development. Sustainability science, 6(2), 203-218.
  51. Wu, W. W., and Lee, Y. T. (2007). Developing global managers’ competencies using the fuzzy DEMATEL method. Expert systems with applications, 32(2), 499-507.
  52. Yeager, K.L. & Callahan, J.L., 2016. Learning to Lead: Foundations of Emerging Leader Identity Development. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 18(3), 286-300